CMS system development is the short form of Conten Management System. It is used in monitoring and organizing documents, films, photos, links and other data, basically used for website building and provides some access controller. Many popular websites in the world are using these free and open CMSs WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal.
According to Mr. Ta Quang Thai, director of Asianux Vietnam, open sources came in Vietnam since 1998 by three ways. Firstly, in universities, when IT students started to use free “stores” of open sources for researching and building products for their studies and exams. Unfortunately, after graduations, they did not get support from government or any organizations. Only until 2009, some NGOs such as “Vietnam Association for Information Processing”- VAIP and “Institute de la Francophonie pour l’ Informatique” IFI organized “Creative summer” campaign for writing applications using open sources.
Later, researching institutes and Vietnam academy of science and technology started using open sources for embedded software in producing machine. Since then, some equipment serving in army field such as security alarming, network scanner, and global positioning system (GPS) are manufactured.
The third way is from Information Technology and media companies. Most of these companies are at small and average size with financial limits. They used available open source to develop their own products first, then for trading. Most embedded products are for web building (Vportal from Vietsoftware) or supporting work (iDesk from iNet Solution). There was no such software for finance or banking.
Recently, MISA brought a new light to embedded market with software for accounting runs on Linux system. However, when they corporate with Asianux for testing the program, they only succeeded in simulator environment.
Since open source is developed and traded only by Information and Technology companies, the Viet open source community contributes very little to the world’s market.
Application in open source in Vietnam is still not popular for many reasons: lack of determination, old habits of users, weak human resource, poor market, etc. The prospect for Vietnam to overcome difficulties and challenges asks for big efforts. Only a few companies in the list called open source in Vietnam: NukeViet, Tomato CMS, Joomlart, Asianux, while others had given up the crowd.
The story of NukeViet tells much about status in Vietnam. The first version of NukeViet to come out in 2004 was a translation of a famous foreign open source – PHP- Nuke and was posted on xunguoi.com forum. Nguyen Anh Tu- the translator- was a Vietnamese student in Russia. Tu together with some members on this forum formed a group to develop the ware and support users. In 2005, the group had to deactivate its activities since the demand from users overwhelmed their abilities. The nature of a spontaneous group became clearer as people usually want rewards from what they do. After a few times of failure, the group decided to professionalize their management and establish a company to monitor its activities. The company’s name was An Tuong (Impression). After two years, An Tuong was inactivated by some internal conflicts. It came back to the very early form of a group on nukeviet.vn. Until 2009, the second company was born named VINADES JSC. After its foundation, Vinades focus totally on researching and developing a new product. As a result, Nukeviet 3.0 Viet version came out at end of 2010.
The event that Vinades created a made-in-Vietnam open source software was an innovation in Viet software market while other firms still used existing software from outside for their products in Vietnam. They actually did not create any value for technology market. They inherit all achievements from engineers around the world instead of devoting their ability or products to the community.
The outcome of the product means Vietnam has entered the list of open source, giving users another choice. It is also a signal of transformation in Vietnam technological industry from out-sourcing to more creative orientation, producing their own product. Besides, it gives Viet people the chance to approach modern technology with lowest price. There are some other businesses following the trend such as Tomato CMS and Joomlart. They are having good names in world market.
The story raised a question for governors to issue policies to encourage informatics companies to invest in researching and developing new products. Otherwise, they may fail due to the economic crisis and still depend on foreign software packs with high expense.
August 29, 2013